Thin film electronics made from emerging semiconductors have the capacity to be pervasive within our daily lives. Notably, some thin film devices have established themselves quite successfully, such as the OLED for flat panel displays. The goal of my research is to work on emerging device concepts and materials to help to realize the next generation of thin film electronic devices. Specifically, we try understand and leverage the unique electronic and optical properties of thin film materials, and in particular semiconductors. This includes the use of molecular and chalcogenide (e.g. oxide) semiconductors, as well as nanostructured quantized matter for emerging applications in solar cells, light emitting devices, and transistors. Studies that we conduct range from those on fundamental optical and electrical characterization to device physics and engineering to processing. Being interdisciplinary in nature, our work resides at the intersection of electrical engineering, materials science, physics, and chemistry, and we work with materials processed either in vacuum or via solution-phase. Our labs therefore consist of infrastructure for the preparation and testing of thin films and devices.
“Efficient perovskite light-emitting diodes featuring nanometre-sized crystallites,” Z. Xiao, R.A. Kerner, L. Zhao, N.L. Tran, K.M. Lee, T.-W. Koh, G.D. Scholes, B.P. Rand, Nat. Photon., 11, 108 (2017).
“Redox chemistry dominates the degradation and decomposition of metal halide perovskite optoelectronic devices,” L. Zhao, R.A. Kerner, Z. Xiao, Y.L. Lin, K.M. Lee, J. Schwartz, B.P. Rand, ACS Energy Lett., 1, 595 (2016).
“Morphological tuning of the energetics in singlet fission organic solar cells,” Y.L. Lin, M.A. Fusella, O.V. Kozlov, X. Lin, A. Kahn, M.S. Pshenichnikov, B.P. Rand, Adv. Funct. Mater., 26, 6489 (2016).
“Ultrasmooth metal halide perovskite thin films via sol-gel processing,” R.A. Kerner, L. Zhao, Z. Xiao, B.P. Rand, J. Mater. Chem. A, 4, 8308 (2016).
“Interfacial depletion regions: Beyond the space charge limit in thick organic bulk heterojunctions,” J.G. Tait, U.W. Paetzold, D. Cheyns, M. Turbiez, P. Heremans, B.P. Rand, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 8, 2211 (2016).
“Enhanced outcoupling in organic light emitting diodes via a high-index contrast scattering layer,” T.-W. Koh, J.A. Spechler, K.M. Lee, C.B. Arnold, B.P. Rand, ACS Photonics, 2, 1366 (2015).
“Metal nanocluster light-emitting devices with suppressed parasitic emission and improved efficiency: Exploring the impact of photophysical properties,” T.-W. Koh, A.M. Hiszpanski, M. Sezen, A. Naim, T. Galfsky, A. Trivedi, Y.-L. Loo, V.M. Menon, B.P. Rand, Nanoscale, 7, 9140 (2015).
“Absorptive Carbon Nanotube Electrodes: Consequences of Optical Interference Loss in Thin Film Solar Cells,” J.G. Tait, M. De Volder, D. Cheyns, P. Heremans, B.P. Rand, Nanoscale, 7, 7259 (2015).
[BOOK] “Organic Solar Cells: Fundamentals, Devices, and Upscaling,” edited by B.P. Rand and H. Richter, Pan Stanford Publishing, ISBN-13: 978-9814463652 (2014).
“Light-induced degradation of polymer:fullerene photovoltaic devices: An intrinsic or material-dependent failure mechanism?” E. Voroshazi, I. Cardinaletti, T. Conard, B.P. Rand, Adv. Energy Mater., 4, 1400848 (2014).
“Reducing exciton-polaron annihilation in organic planar heterojunction solar cells,” B. Verreet, A. Bhoolokam, A. Brigeman, R. Dhanker, D. Cheyns, P. Heremans, A. Stesmans, N.C. Giebink, B.P. Rand, Phys. Rev. B, 90, 115304 (2014).
“Thin film metal nanocluster light emitting devices,” B. Niesen, B.P. Rand, Adv. Mater., 26, 1446 (2014).
“Exciton dynamics in an energy upconverting solid state system based on diphenylanthracene doped with platinum octaethylporphyrin,” R. Karpicz, S. Puzinas, V. Gulbinas, A. Vakhnin, A. Kadashchuk, B.P. Rand, Chem. Phys., 429, 57 (2014).
“Decreased recombination through the use of a non-fullerene acceptor in a 6.4% efficient organic planar heterojunction solar cell,” B. Verreet, K. Cnops, D. Cheyns, P. Heremans, A. Stesmans, G. Zango, C.G. Claessens, T. Torres, B.P. Rand, Adv. Energy Mater., 4, 1301413 (2014).
“Microcrystalline organic thin film solar cells,” B. Verreet, P. Heremans, A. Stesmans, B.P. Rand, Adv. Mater., 25, 5504 (2013).