Princeton University

School of Engineering & Applied Science

Mansour Shayegan

Professor of Electrical Engineering


Room: B408 Engineering Quadrangle
Phone: 609-258-4639
Email: shayegan@princeton.edu
Webpage: Shayegan Group

Education

  • Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1983
  • M.S., in Electrical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1981
  • B.S., in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1979

My research group focuses primarily on the physics of semiconductors, with an emphasis on their electronic properties. Our work involves the growth of Gallium Arsenide/Aluminum Gallium Arsenide (GaAs/AlGaAs) heterostructures by molecular beam epitaxy, and studies of ballistic and quantum transport in these structures. Of particular interest are the many-body phenomena observed in these low-dimensional structures at low temperatures and high magnetic fields. Our research includes the fabrication, via molecular-beam epitaxy followed by various lithography techniques, of very clean (low-disorder) quantum-confined carrier systems, as well as measurements of their electronic transport properties. The systems we are studying, namely novel, high-quality, quasi-two-dimensional electron and hole systems in selectively doped GaAs/AlGaAs heterojunction structures, are among the cleanest carrier systems available. In these structures, the mobile carriers are spatially separated from the dopant (impurity) atoms to minimize scattering. As a result, the mean-free-path of carriers at low temperatures reaches several microns, allowing us to study ballistic and phase-coherent transport. Such structures also provide a crucial and important test bed for new many-body physics, since the dominant interaction at low temperatures is the repulsion between the electrons themselves. In our work, we study ballistic and phase-coherent transport, as well as many-body phenomena in a variety of structures such as superlattices, density-modulated systems, wide parabolic quantum wells, quantum wires and dots, and single- and multilayer electron and hole systems.

Honors and Awards

  • Princeton University Graduate Mentoring Award (2002)
  • Alexander von Humboldt Prize (Germany) (2001)
  • Fellow of the American Physical Society (1999)
  • Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship (Germany) (1997)
  • Fulbright Fellowship (Germany) (1993)
  • Princeton University Rheinstein Faculty Award (1990)
  • Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship (1989)
  • IBM Faculty Development Award (1986)
  • NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award (1986)

Selected Publications

  1. Yang Liu, A.L. Graninger, S. Hasdemir, M. Shayegan, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin, and R. Winkler, "Fractional Quantum Hall Effect at v = 1/2 in Hole Systems Confined to GaAs Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046804 (2014).

  2. A.T. Hatke, Yang Liu, B.A. Magill, B.H. Moon, L.W. Engel, M. Shayegan, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, and K.W. Baldwin, "Microwave Spectroscopic Observation of Distinct Electron Solid Phases in Wide Quantum Wells," Nature Communications, 5, 4154 (2014).

  3. Yang Liu, S. Hasdemir, A. Wojs, J.K. Jain, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin, and M. Shayegan, "Spin Polarization of Composite Fermions and Particle-hole Symmetry Breaking," Phys. Rev. B, 90, 085301 (2014).

  4. D. Kamburov, Yang Liu, M.A. Mueed, M. Shayegan, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, and K.W. Baldwin, "What Determines the Fermi Wave Vector of Composite Fermions?" Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 196801 (2014).

  5. Yang Liu, D. Kamburov, S. Hasdemir, M. Shayegan, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, and K.W. Baldwin, "Fractional Quantum Hall Effect and Wigner Crystal of Interacting Composite Fermions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 246803 (2014).

  6. M.A. Mueed, D. Kamburov, Yang Liu, M. Shayegan, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin, and R. Winkler, "Composite Fermions with a Warped Fermi Contour," Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 176805 (2015).

  7. M.A. Mueed, D. Kamburov, M. Shayegan, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin and R. Winkler, "Splitting of the Fermi Contour of Quasi-2D Electrons in Parallel Magnetic Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 236404 (2015). [Editor's Suggestion.]

  8. M.A. Mueed, D. Kamburov, S. Hasdemir, M. Shayegan, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin, "Geometric Resonance of Composite Fermions Near the v = 1/2 Fractional Quantum Hall State," Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 236406 (2015).

  9. M.A. Mueed, Md. Shafayat Hossain, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin, and M. Shayegan, "Reorientation of the Stripe Phase of 2D Electrons by a Minute Density Modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 076803 (2016).  [Editor's Suggestion.]

  10. H. Deng, Yang Liu, I. Jo, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin, and M. Shayegan, "Commensurability Oscillations of Composite Fermions Induced by the Periodic Potential of a Wigner Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 096601 (2016). [Featured in Physics; Editor's Suggestion.]

  11. Yang Liu, S. Hasdemir, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin, and M. Shayegan, "Observation of an Anisotropic Wigner Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 106802 (2016).

  12. M.A. Mueed, D. Kamburov, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin, and M. Shayegan, "Geometric Resonance of Composite Fermions near Bilayer Quantum Hall States," Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 246801 (2016). [Editor's Suggestion.]

  13. D. Kamburov, K.W. Baldwin, K.W. West, M. Shayegan, and L.N. Pfeiffer, "Interplay between Quantum Well Width and Interface Roughness for Electron Transport Mobility in GaAs Quantum Wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 232105 (2016).

  14. M.A. Mueed, D. Kamburov, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin, and M. Shayegan, "Geometric Resonance of Composite Fermions near Bilayer Quantum Hall States," Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 246801 (2016).

  15. Insun Jo, Yang Liu, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, K.W. Baldwin, M. Shayegan, and R. Winkler, "Signatures of an Annular Fermi Sea," Phys. Rev. B 95, 035103 (2017).