Quantum computing and condensed matter physics with microwave photons

Fast Reset and Suppressing Spontaneous Emission of a Superconducting Qubit

M. D. Reed, B. R. Johnson, A. A. Houck, L. DiCarlo, J. M. Chow, D. I. Schuster, L. Frunzio, R. J. Schoelkopf

Spontaneous emission through a coupled cavity can be a significant decay channel for qubits in circuit QED. We present a new circuit design that effectively eliminates spontaneous emission due to the Purcell effect while maintaining strong coupling to a low Q cavity. Excellent agreement over a wide range in frequency is found between measured qubit relaxation times and the predictions of a circuit model. Using fast (nanosecond time-scale) flux biasing of the qubit, we demonstrate in-situ control of qubit lifetime over a factor of 50. We realize qubit reset with 99.9% fidelity in 120 ns.

Time-reversal-symmetry breaking in circuit-QED-based photon lattices

Jens Koch, Andrew A. Houck, Karyn Le Hur, and S. M. Girvin

Breaking time-reversal symmetry is a prerequisite for accessing certain interesting many-body states such as fractional quantum Hall states. For polaritons, charge neutrality prevents magnetic fields from providing a direct symmetry-breaking mechanism and, similar to the situation in ultracold atomic gases, an effective magnetic field has to be synthesized. We show that in the circuit-QED architecture, this can be achieved by inserting simple superconducting circuits into the resonator junctions.

Nonequilibrium delocalization-localization transition of photons in circuit quantum electrodynamics

S. Schmidt, D. Gerace, A. A. Houck, G. Blatter, and H. E. Türeci

We show that photons in two tunnel-coupled microwave resonators each containing a single superconducting qubit undergo a sharp nonequilibrium delocalization-localization (self-trapping) transition due to strong photon-qubit coupling. We find that self-trapping of photons in one of the resonators (spatial localization) forces the qubit in the opposite resonator to remain in its initial state (energetic localization). This allows for an easy experimental observation of the transition by local readout of the qubit state.

Nonlinear response of the vacuum Rabi resonance

Lev S. Bishop, J. M. Chow, Jens Koch, A. A. Houck, M. H. Devoret, E. Thuneberg, S. M. Girvin & R. J. Schoelkopf

On the level of single atoms and photons, the coupling between atoms and the electromagnetic field is typically very weak. By using a cavity to confine the field, the strength of this interaction can be increased by many orders of magnitude, to a point where it dominates over any dissipative process. This strong-coupling regime of cavity quantum electrodynamics has been reached for real atoms in optical cavities, and for artificial atoms in circuit quantum electrodynamics and quantum dot systems.

Life after charge noise: recent results with transmon qubits

A. A. Houck, Jens Koch, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin and R. J. Schoelkopf


Proposal for generating and detecting multi-qubit GHZ states in circuit QED

Lev S. Bishop, L. Tornberg, D. Price, E. Ginossar, A. Nunnenkamp, A. A. Houck, J. M. Gambetta, Jens Koch, G. Johansson, S. M. Girvin and R. J. Schoelkopf

We propose methods for the preparation and entanglement detection of multi-qubit Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger (GHZ) states in circuit quantum electrodynamics. Using quantum trajectory simulations appropriate for the situation of a weak continuous measurement, we show that the joint dispersive readout of several qubits can be utilized for the probabilistic production of high-fidelity GHZ states. When employing a nonlinear filter on the recorded homodyne signal, the selected states are found to exhibit values of the Bell–Mermin operator exceeding 2 under realistic conditions.