Quantum computing and condensed matter physics with microwave photons

Experimental Observations of a Left-Handed Material That Obeys Snell’s Law

Andrew A. Houck, Jeffrey B. Brock, and Isaac L. Chuang

We measure two-dimensional profiles of collimated microwave beams transmitted through composite wire and split-ring resonator prisms. Prior experiments suggest these structures have a negative index of refraction, though these claims have been questioned. Our 2D measurements demonstrate that transmission obeys Snell’s law with a negative index, confirming the refractive nature of this signal and refuting alternatives posed in the criticisms. In addition, we present preliminary evidence that a flat rectangular slab of this material can focus power from a point source.